The "Tea Party" that took place
the Colonial 's Original Tea Party & today's Political Tea Party
A revolt about taxes. But of course!
WHO: Daniel Shays, Daniel Shays, Luke Day, Eli Parsons, Job Shattuck, James Bowdoin, Benjamin Lincoln, William Shepard, and approximately 4,000 other Colonials.
WHAT: Shays and farmers were taxed to death
WHEN: August 1786 -- June 1787
WHERE: Western Mass -- The Berkshires
WHY: Aggressive tax and debt collection. Political corruption and cronyism.
GOALS: Reform of state government, later its overthrow.
METHOD: Direct action to close courts; then a military organization in attempt to capture the U.S. arsenal at the Springfield Armory
RESULT: Rebellion crushed, and problems of Federal authority linked to the Articles of Confederation spur U.S. Constitutional Convention. Parties to the civil conflict Anti-government protesters State and privately funded militia
Four (4) Protesters were killed; dozens, wounded. Many arrested
Two (2) Hanged afterwards.1
Four thousand (4,000) people signed confessions acknowledging participation in the events of the rebellion (in exchange for amnesty); several hundred participants were eventually indicted on charges relating to the rebellion. Most of these were pardoned under a general amnesty that only excluded a few ringleaders. Eighteen (18) men were convicted and sentenced to death, but most of these were either overturned on appeal, pardoned, or had their sentences commuted. Two (2) of the condemned men, John Bly and Charles Rose, were hanged on December 6, 1787. Shays himself was pardoned in 1788 and he returned to Massachusetts from hiding in the Vermont woods. He was, however, vilified by the Boston press, who painted him as an archetypal anarchist opposed to the government. He later moved to the Conesus, New York, area, where he lived until he died poor and obscure in 1825.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Shays' Rebellion was an armed uprising in Massachusetts (mostly in and around Springfield) during 1786 and 1787. Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays led four thousand rebels (called Shaysites) in rising up against perceived economic injustices and suspension of civil rights by Massachusetts, and in a later attempt to capture the United States' national weapons arsenal at the U.S. Armory at Springfield.
Although Shays' Rebellion met with defeat militarily against a privately raised militia, it prompted numerous national leaders (including George Washington, who came out of retirement to deal with issues raised by Shays' Rebellion) to call for a stronger national government to suppress future rebellions, resulting in the U.S. Constitutional Convention and according to historian Leonard L. Richards, "fundamentally altering the course of U.S. history."
The rebellion took place in a political climate where reform of the country's governing document, the Articles of Confederation, was widely seen as necessary. The events of the rebellion, some of which occurred after the Philadelphia Convention had been called but before it began in May 1787, are widely seen to have affected the debates on the shape of the new government. The shock of Shays' Rebellion drew retired General George Washington back into public life, leading to his terms as the United States' first President. The exact nature and consequence of the rebellion's influence on the content of the
Constitution and the ratification debates continues to be a subject of historical discussion and debate.
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